How to Reduce Cancer Risk FactorsDr. Mangesh Mekha
Cancer: Risk Factors
The exact cause of cancer is not known but there are several factors that can increase your risk of cancer. Some of risk factors of cancer may affect DNA of cells which results in abnormal cell growth and forms tumours. Different cancers have different risk factors. Having risk factor does not mean that person will have cancer. Sometimes person without risk factor can also have cancer.
There are four types of cancer risk factors.
1. Behavioral risk factors
2. Hereditary risk factors
3. Environmental risk factors
4. Medical risk factors
In some cases there are multiple risk factors that causes cancer. In this article we have explained how to lower risk of cancer.
Avoid Tobacco Products:
Use of tobacco products is directly linked to cancer. Smoking and consuming tobacco leads to cancer. There are different types of cancer caused due to tobacco like lung cancer, mouth cancer etc. Therefore never consume tobacco products. Also avoid breathing in smoking zones.
Avoid exposure to harmful UV rays:
Exposure to UV rays coming from the sun is the main risk factor of skin cancer. Therefore always avoid direct exposure to sunlight when ultraviolet rays are strong. During summer season UV rays are strong from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Make use of sunscreen with SPF more than 15. Wear protective cloths to avoid direct exposure to sun.
Eat healthy diet:
Research shows that eating high-fat diet has higher risk of the breast cancer, colon cancer, uterus cancer and prostate cancer. Also eating foods with high fibre and other vital nutrients lowers the risk of cancer. You should keep in mind following points about your diet:
- Include more fruits, green vegetables, grains, beans, lean meat and low-fat dairy products in diet.
- Avoid fatty food.
- Maintain healthy weight.
High alcohol consumption increases risk of cancer. Consumption of alcohol may cause liver, throat mouth and other type of cancer. If a person smoke and drink, then he is at high risk of getting these cancers.
Exposure to Other Radiation:
Direct exposure to high doses of radiation increase risk of cancer.