Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a cancer.

Treatment options depend on the type of cancer, its stage, if the cancer has spread and your general health. The goal of treatment is to kill as many cancerous cells while reducing damage to normal cells nearby. Advances in technology make this possible. The three main treatments are: Surgery: directly removing the tumor. Chemotherapy: using chemicals to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy: using X-rays to kill cancer cells.

1.Carcinomas begin in the skin or tissues that line the internal organs.
2.Sarcomas develop in the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle or other connective tissues.
3.Leukemia begins in the blood and bone marrow.
4.Lymphomas start in the immune system.

1.Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources — such as whole grains and beans.
2.Avoid obesity.
3.If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.
4.Limit processed meats.

  • Skin changes, such as:
    • A new mole or a change in an existing mole
    • A sore that does not heal
  • Breast changes, such as:
    • Change in size or shape of the breast or nipple
    • Change in texture of breast skin
  • A thickening or lump on or under the skin
  • Hoarseness or cough that does not go away
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Problems with eating, such as:
  • Weight gain or loss with no known reason
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unexplained night sweats
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge, including:
  • Feeling weak or very tired